Happy new financial year! (22/23)

Happy new financial year! Please invest 5 minutes into reading this newsletter to be current with tax changes and administration which may impact you.
Some of these admin items will help minimise your tax while thers will reduce your exposure to an ATO tax audit. We have outlined these key areas below to assist you:

  1. Brief summary of key dates and actions over next 2 months
  2. Key changes you need to be aware of 

Please carefully consider this information and contact us immediately if you have any questions we can answer or if there is anything we can assist you with.

1 July 2022
Trusts: New ATO interpretations apply to trust distributions to adult children, company beneficiaries and entities with losses.
Employee Superannuation Rate: Super guarantee (SG) rate increases from 10% to 10.5%.
Employee Superannuation Payments: The $450 threshold for SG contributions is removed. Superannuation for all employees over 18 years old is payable regardless of their monthly pay.
Professional Firms: New guidance applies for tax treatment on profits of professional services firms from 1 July 2022. Those affected include medical practitioners, architects, lawyers, engineers, consultants and others.
14 July 2022 (on or before)
Single Touch Payroll Finalisation Declarations need to be made by 14 July 2022. Fringe benefits of more than $2,000 provided to employees need to be included in the STP Finalisation Report.
28 July 2022
Quarterly super guarantee payment due (1 April – 30 June 2022).
28 August 2022
Taxable payments annual report (TPAR) due for payments to Contractors.


Key Changes you Need to be Aware of

From 1 July 2022, the Superannuation Guarantee rate will increase from 10% to 10.5%. It is planned to increase by 0.5% each year until it reaches 12% on 1 July 2025.
If any employees are paid on a “total remuneration” basis (a package inclusive of superannuation), this will mean that their take home pay will reduce by 0.5% unless the employer decides to increase their total remuneration by 0.5%.
For employees who are paid wages or salary plus superannuation, then their take home pay will remain the same and the 0.5% increase will be added to their superannuation payments.
Action Step: All employers will need to give immediate action to managing this increase, and they will need to factor in this increase to their cash flow planning for 2022/2023.

The Australian Taxation Office (ATO) is concerned that many taxpayers believe their cryptocurrency gains are tax free or only taxable when the holdings are cashed back into Australian dollars.
Gains from cryptocurrency are similar to gains from other investments, such as shares. Generally, as an investor, if you buy, sell, swap for dollar currency, or exchange one cryptocurrency for another, it will be subject to capital gains tax (CGT) and must be reported. CGT also applies to the disposal of non-fungible tokens (NFTs).
It is vital that you keep good records of your cryptocurrency exchanges. The ATO has access to the data from crypto platforms and banks and is running data matching to ensure tax is paid on all crypto gains.
The tax laws are complex on this area – so please contact us to ensure you receive the right advice.

The ATO released Practical Compliance Guide PCG2021/4 which takes effect from 1 July 2022. This is designed to prevent structures being set up to divert income away from professionals and reducing their tax.
This applies to doctors, medical practitioners, lawyers, accountants, engineers, architects, consultants, and anyone considered a “professional”.
The ATO guidance includes two “gateways” that need to be passed and a risk assessment framework that identify a professional’s risk level, looking at the structure of the business and how its profits are distributed, and whether the structure has any high risk features.
Action Step: All professional service firms (eg. doctors, medical specialists, architects, etc) will need to review their existing structure and possibly make changes from 1 July 2022. Some arrangements that were previously considered low risk may now fall into a higher risk zone.

The ATO has recently released draft interpretations which outline their view as to how trust distributions to adult children or parents may be taxed if the distributions are not paid out to these beneficiaries.
If you have a family trust (also known as a discretionary trust), then this may affect the trustee’s decisions as to who receives the trust income each year.
We are still waiting for the ATO’s final rulings in this area, and we will keep you informed if you need to consider any changes as to how you use your trust in 2023.

As part of the 2021/2022 federal Budget, the Australian Government announced it will remove the $450 per month threshold to expand coverage of super guarantee to eligible employees regardless of their monthly pay.
From 1 July 2022, employers will be required to make super guarantee contributions to their eligible employee’s super fund regardless of how much the employee is paid. Employees must still satisfy other super guarantee eligibility requirements.
For employees under the age of 18, super guarantee is only required if the employee works more than 30 hours per week.
Employers will need to check their payroll and accounting systems have been updated for super payments made after 1 July 2022 to ensure they correctly calculate their employee’s super guarantee entitlement.
Your 2022 End of Financial Year Reminders & Action Items

If you are reporting payments to employees to the ATO using Single Touch Payroll (STP), most businesses will need to lodge a STP Finalisation Declaration with the ATO by 14 July 2022.
Employees will be able to access their Income Statement through their MyGov account.

Where you have provided fringe benefits to your employees more than $2,000, you need to report the FBT grossed-up amount.  This is referred to as a `Reportable Fringe Benefit Amount’ (RFBA) amount, and it needs to be updated for each employee as part of your Single Touch Payroll finalisation procedure for 2022.

Businesses that buy and sell stock generally need to do a stocktake at the end of each financial year as the increase or decrease in the value of stock is included when calculating the taxable income of your business.
If your business has an aggregated turnover below $10 million, you can use the simplified trading stock rules. Under these rules, you can choose not to conduct a stocktake for tax purposes if the difference in value between the opening value of your trading stock and a reasonable estimate of the closing value of trading stock at the end of the income year is less than $5,000.  You will need to record how you calculated the value of trading stock on hand.
If you do need to complete a stocktake, you can choose one of three methods to value trading stock:

  • Cost price – all costs connected with the stock including freight, customs duty, and if manufacturing, labour and materials, plus a portion of fixed and variable factory overheads.
  • Market selling value – the current value of the stock you sell in the normal course of business (but not at a reduced value when you are forced to sell it).
  • Replacement value – the price of a substantially similar replacement item in a normal market on the last day of the income year.

A different basis can be chosen for each class of stock or for individual items within a particular class of stock. This provides an opportunity to minimise the trading stock adjustment at year-end. There is no need to use the same method every year; you can choose the most tax effective option each year. The most obvious example is where the stock can be valued below its purchase price because of market conditions or damage that has occurred to the stock. This should give rise to a deduction even though the loss has not yet been incurred.

A “Taxable Payments Annual Report” (TPAR) is due for lodgement with the ATO by 28 August 2022 for the following industries:

  • Building and construction services
  • Cleaning services
  • Courier services
  • Road freight services
  • Information technology (IT) services – including software development
  • Security, investigation or surveillance services
  • Mixed services (providing one or more of the services listed above)

This report includes a listing and total of all payments and non-cash benefits made to contractors during the year.

Payroll tax applies to all entities that have an Australian payroll that exceeds state-based limits. You should note that in addition to normal salaries and wages, the following items are generally also included in payroll expenses if payroll tax applies:

  • fringe benefits based on the grossed-up taxable value of fringe benefits;
  • all employer contributions to superannuation on behalf of employees; and
  • some contractor or sub-contractor fees.

For more detailed information about whether payroll tax applies to your business, please contact our office.
ACTION STEP: The Annual Return/Reconciliation for payroll tax must be lodged by 21 July 2022 (Queensland, Victoria, Northern Territory, Tasmania and WA) or by 28 July 2022 (NSW and South Australia) with your State Revenue Office.

Your WorkCover/WorkSafe insurer sends an annual reconciliation to all registered employers at the end of the financial year. In completing your annual reconciliation, you will need to include the following items in addition to normal salaries and wages:

  • fringe benefits based on the taxable value of fringe benefits (do not gross-up);
  • all employer contributions to superannuation on behalf of employees; and
  • some contractor or sub-contractor fees.

For more detailed information about what items to include in the reconciliation statement, please contact our office.
Once the reconciliation is received and processed by your WorkCover/WorkSafe insurer, you will be issued with a final assessment or a refund depending on the instalments you have paid during the year.
ACTION STEP: Complete and lodge the Annual Reconciliation with your WorkCover/WorkSafe insurer by the due date.

A reconciliation of GST should be performed as at 30 June 2022 to determine if there has been an under or over-payment of GST in the 2022 tax year. If a discrepancy has arisen, then it is possible to adjust a subsequent Business Activity Statement (BAS) to rectify the error, however there are limits imposed on adjustments that can be made in this way.
Income declared on your BAS should be reconciled to income declared on your income tax returns.
Also, please note that you are required by law to substantiate all Input Tax Credit claims with a complying Tax Invoice, and you need to retain these documents for a minimum of 5 years.
ACTION STEP: Complete the annual GST reconciliations, and check that you have all required tax invoices and other supporting documents.

Please note that the ATO and State Revenue Office are constantly increasing their audit activities. There has been an increase in audit activity for PAYG Withholding, Payroll Tax, WorkCover, GST, Division 7A loan accounts from companies, and Trust distributions from Discretionary Trusts.